About one hundred million years ago, give or
take a millenium or two, the earth heaved mightily and thrust up the Brynderwyn
defining the southern and eastern boundaries of Whangarei
Eighty million years later it heaved again
spewing out lava to form the mountains Manaia,
Aubrey, Busby and Bream Head. A cataract of lava broke out from the base
of Manaia to cool by the banks of the Hatea River creating the Taurikura
All was quiet again until about ten thousand
years ago, when Hikurangi, Maungatapere and Maunu
to the surface as scoria cones.
Then as the last Ice Age began to melt the
sea level rose, flooding the Hatea, Mangapai and
Rivers and Whangarei Harbour arrived.
Meanwhile plants and animals coped and
adapted to the sub-terranean restlessness. The coal fields of Hikurangi, Kamo and Kiripaka
were laid down. Beneath the sea corals and shells accumulated to build up
the limestone deposits of Portland, Hikurangi
and Limestone Island.
People came and lived
from the land, striking a balance between their wants and life around
them. Their need to conserve resources was a selfevident
Western culture is
now catching up. A protection and replanting programme is underway.
A new balance will be established. Please respect these efforts while you
enjoy the valued features of Whangarei District.